Luckily, lots of rain does fall upstream, near the sources of the river. The reason for this development was the increasing use of armour on the bows of warships against ramming attacks, which again required heavier ships for a successful attack. A fully-resourced unit of 10 history lessons for KS2, covering the Ancient Egypt topic. After researching these, they can place them onto a Venn Diagram to compare the past with the present day – finding which are alive and living in the region to this day. The distance a trireme could cover in a given day depended much on the weather. They enjoyed listening to and playing music on instruments such as the harp or lyre. It contains ideas for how to link science to the topic, tips on using the resources, suggestions for further use and background subject knowledge to support teachers in delivering the science objectives through this topic. The trireme derives its name from its three rows of oars, manned with one man per oar. Their wives lived in the temple, and continued to be temple singers and dancers. Egypt is a country in Africa. [35][36] These were divided into the 170 rowers (eretai), who provided the ship's motive power, the deck crew headed by the trierarch, and a marine detachment. Lesson Plans and Units for Ancient Egypt. [33] Given the imperfect nature of the reconstructed ship as well as the fact that it was manned by totally untrained modern men and women, it is reasonable to suggest that ancient triremes, expertly built and navigated by trained men, would attain higher speeds. 248–250, John Coates, "The Naval Archictecture and Oar Systems of Ancient Galleys" in, The 18th Jenkin Lecture, 1 October 2005: Some Engineering Concepts applied to Ancient Greek Trireme Warships, Proceedings of 1st INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON SHIP CONSTRUCTION IN ANTIQUITY PIRAEUS, 30 AUGUST - 1 SEPTEMBER 1985: THE TRIERES, ITS DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION, SHIPS & WAYS OF OTHER DAYS, BY E. KEBLE CHATTERTON, Hellenic Navy web page for the reconstructed, History and archeology of the ship - lecture notes - 26. Primary homework help egypt today Because only 2.5 cmhow to creative writing hsc (custom writing online) Lim, Dennis (July 31, 2012) The largest pyramid in primary homework help egyptian pyramids Egypt is the. The skiffs were used mostly to travel short distances, hunt, or fish. [4], Triremes required a great deal of upkeep in order to stay afloat, as references to the replacement of ropes, sails, rudders, oars and masts in the middle of campaigns suggest. The Nile provided an excellent means of transport and every corner of the city could be reached by boats. Other ships would usually have their hulls made of pine because they would usually come ashore via a port or with the use of an anchor. "half-circle"; literally, "moon-shaped (i.e. For the crew of Athenian triremes, the ships were an extension of their democratic beliefs. Feel? "[63] The image found on an early-5th-century black-figure, depicting prisoners bound and thrown into the sea being pushed and prodded under water with poles and spears, shows that enemy treatment of captured sailors in the Peloponnesian War was often brutal. This change was accompanied by an increased reliance on tactics like boarding, missile skirmishes and using warships as platforms for artillery. Reeds were also woven together to make things like baskets and even boats. It helped people to easily access the water from the River Nile. A. J. Graham, "Thucydides 7.13.2 and the Crews of Athenian Triremes", Morrison, Coats & Rankov (2000), pp. Squadrons of triremes employed a variety of tactics. Ancient Egypt Escape Room KS2. That said, fleets less confident in their ability to ram were prone to load more marines onto their ships. So the number in the type name did not refer to the banks of oars any more (as for biremes and triremes), but to the number of rowers per vertical section, with several men on each oar. Although the scarab beetle is used more often than any other animal, it is seldom portrayed in its natural color of black. 2,156 ancient egyptian boat stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. In good times though the river was home to many different species of animals and birds, lots of which made a good meal for an The use of lightwoods meant that the ship could be carried ashore by as few as 140 men. Discovery. Papyrus was the same material Ancient Egyptians used to make paper. Fun activities for kids and adults alike!. Gradually, the predominance of Athens turned the League effectively into an Athenian Empire. Daily Life in Ancient Egypt . See more ideas about egypt crafts, ancient egypt, ancient egypt … To begin with, Egyptians probably noticed that bodies buried in the dry, hot sand of the desert tended to … This pack is for educational purposes only. If the men did not drown, they might be taken prisoner by the enemy. It also provides a platform to explore the STEM subjects in the context of Ancient Egypt, using the. Several ancient Egyptian solar ships and boat pits were found in many ancient Egyptian sites. The number of ships and men in battles was sometimes very high. Please get in touch if you have any questions. The maximum practical number of oar banks a ship could have was three. Djoser 1) Colour the picture of Djoser. [41] In addition, there were ten sailors handling the masts and the sails. [55] This reflects the different practices between the Athenians and other, less professional navies. Athens' strength in the Peloponnesian War came from its navy, whereas Sparta's came from its land-based Hoplite army. They made a bread that was like a cake. In all of these manoeuvres, the ability to accelerate faster, row faster, and turn more sharply than one's enemy was very important. As pupils complete their map work, they can design and use a key to make their map easier to understand. Create an Ancient Egyptian portrait using a mixed media technique called Paper Batik.. Find out about the lives of the Ancient Egyptian Gods and what they looked like.. [17][18] They also would become waterlogged if left in the sea for too long. Gifts of the Nile. Here is a brief outline of the timeline of the Ancient Egyptian civilization showing the Kingdoms, periods, and dynasties: Early Dynastic Period (2950 -2575 BC) - Dynasties I-III The Ancient Egyptian civilization begins. The earliest evidence for an ancient boat on the Nile is a rock art pictograph that dates to the Mesolithic.The El Salha Archaeological Project of the Italian Institute for African and Oriental Studies has been working in the central Sudan since the fall of 2000. Despite numerous land engagements, Athens was finally defeated through the destruction of her fleet during the Sicilian Expedition, and finally, at the Battle of Aegospotami, at the hands of Sparta and her allies. longest rivers. Speed was maximized to the point where any less weight would have resulted in considerable losses to the ship's integrity. It can be used to help pupils understand how we find out about the past as well as the role of ‘place’ in historical civilisations. Activities and Projects for Ancient Egypt. Once Sparta gained Persia as an ally, they had the funds necessary to construct the new naval fleets necessary to combat the Athenians. Turn your lesson into an exciting adventure the kids are likely to remember with this fun Escape Room! Egyptology & Egyptologists. These results, achieved with inexperienced crew, suggest that the ancient writers were not exaggerating about straight-line performance. Grappling hooks would be used both as a weapon and for towing damaged ships (ally or enemy) back to shore. Herodotus mentions that the Egyptian pharaoh Necho II (610–595 BC) built triremes on the Nile, for service in the Mediterranean, and in the Red Sea, but this reference is disputed by modern historians, and attributed to a confusion, since "triērēs" was by the 5th century used in the generic sense of "warship", regardless its type. Ancient Egyptian. Additionally, hull plank butts would remain in compression in all but the most severe sea conditions, reducing working of joints and consequent leakage. Lesson plans and classroom resources for KS2 introducing the Ancient Egypt topic. More importantly, can they design and create one that works! Pharaoh did not begrudge his people food. It has also been recorded that if a battle were to take place in the calmer water of a harbor, oarsmen would join the offensive and throw stones (from a stockpile aboard) to aid the marines in harassing/attacking other ships.[59]. https://www.twinkl.co.uk/resource/t2-h-4492-ancient-egyptian-craft-ideas [29] In the case of Athens, since most of the fleet's triremes were paid for by wealthy citizens, there was a natural sense of competition among the patricians to create the "most impressive" trireme, both to intimidate the enemy and to attract the best oarsmen. The total complement (plērōma) of the ship was about 200. Ancient Egyptian Boats Facts,Oldest Ship Ancient Egyptians pioneered the development of river craft and various types of Egyptian Boats and ships were built. https://www.theclassroom.com/ancient-egyptian-boats-carried-17828.html This is a painting that dates back thousands of years to Ancient Egypt. They were long, thin, and crescent-shaped. It also provides a platform to explore the STEM subjects in the context of Ancient Egypt, using the shaduf to move water from the River Nile into the irrigation system, for example. https://www.ducksters.com/history/ancient_egypt/boats_and_transportation.php Building a shaduf – Using a variety of resources from home or school can the pupils build their own shaduf? Cats . [15] Thucydides meanwhile clearly states that in the time of the Persian Wars, the majority of the Greek navies consisted of (probably two-tiered) penteconters and ploia makrá ("long ships"). In order to counter this, and possibly with an eye already at the mounting Persian preparations, in 483/2 BC the Athenian statesman Themistocles used his political skills and influence to persuade the Athenian assembly to start the construction of 200 triremes, using the income of the newly discovered silver mines at Laurion. Next Question > False. In the sea trials of the reconstruction Olympias, it was evident that this was a difficult problem to solve, given the amount of noise that a full rowing crew generated. Several ancient Egyptian solar ships and boat pits were found in many ancient Egyptian sites. Additional sea trials took place in 1987, 1990, 1992 and 1994. Ancient Egyptian jewelry is considered some of the most beautiful in the world. Hear? Unlike the naval warfare of other eras, boarding an enemy ship was not the primary offensive action of triremes. Athenian maritime power is the first example of thalassocracy in world history. The River Nile is more than six thousand five hundred kilometres in length and it passes through a whopping eleven modern day countries. Children in KS2 can learn about Ancient Egyptian art in our lesson packs for this unit of history. As pupils complete their map work, they can design and use a key to make their map easier to understand. In the Athenian navy, the crews enjoyed long practice in peacetime, becoming skilled professionals and ensuring Athens' supremacy in naval warfare. The early trireme was a development of the penteconter, an ancient warship with a single row of 25 oars on each side (i.e., a single-banked boat), and of the bireme (Ancient Greek: διήρης, diērēs), a warship with two banks of oars, of Phoenician origin. Children learn about the Ancient Egyptians throughout KS2. 5 - 11. Of course, back when the pharaohs were in charge the lands around The Nile were totally different. Early Ancient Egyptian Boats. Triremes played a vital role in the Persian Wars, the creation of the Athenian maritime empire, and its downfall in the Peloponnesian War. With flaps to lift on every page and vibrant illustrations of Egyptian scenes, there's plenty to keep little hands busy and curious minds at work, as topics include mummification, pharaohs, culture and mythology. Triremes, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trireme&oldid=1001248909, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2007, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 21:49. On a good day, the oarsmen, rowing for 6–8 hours, could propel the ship between 80–100 kilometres (50–62 mi). 40 m long and just 6 m wide. https://www.dkfindout.com/uk/history/ancient-egypt/ancient-egyptian-boats This fact file template can be used for children to research details about an ancient Egyptian god or goddess of their choice. What constituted these sailors' experience was a combination of superior rowing skill (physical stamina and/or consistency in hitting with a full stroke) and previous battle experience. Ancient Egyptians were not totally consumed by death. In addition, Olympias was able to execute a 180 degree turn in one minute and in an arc no wider than two and one half (2.5) ship-lengths. They were used by the Diadochi Empires and sea powers like Syracuse, Carthage and later Rome. The purpose of the area just below the center of gravity and the waterline known as the hypozomata (ὑποζώματα) was to allow bending of the hull when faced with up to 90 kN of force. So, the Ancient Egyptians didn’t need to build roads or find other forms of transportation. [56] As the presence of too many heavily armed hoplites on deck tended to destabilize the ship, the epibatai were normally seated, only rising to carry out any boarding action. A full lesson for KS2 introducing the topic of Ancient Egypt. The sailyards and masts were preferably made from fir because fir trees were naturally tall and provided these parts in usually a single piece. Label the pictures of the people in the table below. There would be gaps between the planks of the hull when the ship was new, but once submerged the planks would absorb the water and expand thus forming a watertight hull. In 1985–1987 a shipbuilder in Piraeus, financed by Frank Welsh (an author, Suffolk banker, writer and trireme enthusiast), advised by historian J. S. Morrison and naval architect John F. Coates (who with Welsh founded the Trireme Trust that initiated and managed the project), and informed by evidence from underwater archaeology, built an Athenian-style trireme, Olympias. Pine is stronger and more resistant to decay, but it is heavy unlike fir which was used because it was lightweight. Videoclips, Cartoons, Documentaries about Ancient Egypt. The construction of a trireme was expensive and required around 6000 man-days of labor to complete. Read More ; Ancient Egyptian Children. The river was usually crowded with many boats traveling the whole length of Egypt. KS2 Discover & Learn: History – Ancient Egyptians Study Book: perfect for home learning by CGP. [47] For instance, the tyrant Dionysius I of Syracuse once set all slaves of Syracuse free to man his galleys, employing thus freedmen, but otherwise relied on citizens and foreigners as oarsmen.[48]. [12] This was interpreted by later writers, Pliny and Diodorus, to mean that triremes were invented in Corinth,[13] the possibility remains that the earliest three-banked warships originated in Phoenicia. Sometimes this would entail traveling up to eighty kilometres in order to procure provisions. So it's no accident that one of the greatest and longest-lasting civilisations in history, grew up along the banks of one the world's It is not known exactly how this was done, but there are literary and visual references to the use of gestures and pipe playing to convey orders to rowers. Victor Davis Hanson argues that this "served the larger civic interest of acculturating thousands as they worked together in cramped conditions and under dire circumstances."[37]. Thoth is usually shown as human with the head of an ibis. The ancient Egyptians adored jewellery and loved to wear a variety of necklaces and collars made from a huge range of materials. The Egyptian’s inventions were many and it might be easier to list the things they did not invent such as the wheel; not unexpected in a country where everyone travels on water. Modern scholarship is divided on the provenance of the trireme, Greece or Phoenicia, and the exact time it developed into the foremost ancient fighting ship. The ancient Egyptians adored jewellery and loved to wear a variety of necklaces and collars made from a huge range of materials. Locating Egypt . Just as it used to be the practice to disarm modern warships by removing the breech-blocks from the guns, so, in classical times, disarmament commissioners used to disarm triremes by removing the hupozomata. The most famous is the Khufu ship now preserved in the Giza Solar boat museum beside the Great pyramid at Giza.The full-sized ships or boats were buried near ancient Egyptian pyramids or temples at many sites. Rachel L. Sargent, "The Use of Slaves by the Athenians in Warfare". He was a wealthy Athenian citizen (usually from the class of the pentakosiomedimoi), responsible for manning, fitting out and maintaining the ship for his liturgical year at least; the ship itself belonged to Athens. If it wasn’t for the River Nile Ancient Egypt certainly wouldn’t have been as successful as it was and potentially may never have existed. [59] These few troops were peripherally effective in an offensive sense, but critical in providing defense for the oarsmen. Bring history to life by being creative! flooding. The Ancient Egyptians settled around the Nile River, and built pyramids that you can still see there today. With the rise of Rome the biggest fleet of quinqueremes temporarily ruled the Mediterranean, but during the civil wars after Caesar's death the fleet was on the wrong side and a new warfare with light liburnas was developed. Bring history to life by being creative! This is a comprehensive introduction to all things Egyptian. They grew barley to make beer, wheat for bread, vegetables such as onions and cucumbers, and flax to make into linen. The hypozomata were considered important and secret: their export from Athens was a capital offense. It was from these that the Ancient Egyptians created the first form of paper, papyrus. Create an Ancient Egyptian portrait using a mixed media technique called Paper Batik.. Find out about the lives of the Ancient Egyptian Gods and what they looked like.. Wooden boats were expensive. "[23], Excavations of the ship sheds (neōsoikoi, νεώσοικοι) at the harbour of Zea in Piraeus, which was the main war harbour of ancient Athens, were first carried out by Dragatsis and Wilhelm Dörpfeld in the 1880s. Using all of their senses as a source of inspiration. [27] The ancient Mediterranean practice was to build the outer hull first, and the ribs afterwards. [3], Problems would occur for example when shipbuilders would use green wood for the hull; when green timber is allowed to dry it loses moisture which causes cracks in the wood that could cause catastrophic damages to the ship. [21] The hypozomata would also have significantly braced the structure of the trireme against the stresses of ramming, giving it an important advantage in combat. [22] According to material scientist J.E. The first large-scale naval battle where triremes participated was the Battle of Lade during the Ionian Revolt, where the combined fleets of the Greek Ionian cities were defeated by the Persian fleet, composed of squadrons from their Phoenician, Carian, Cypriot and Egyptian subjects. Classical sources indicate that the trireme was capable of sustained speeds of ca. D iscover the mysteries of Ancient Egyptian art, gods, crowns, and hieroglyphics through the following lessons:. [58] The Athenians especially became masters in the art of ramming, using light, un-decked (aphraktai) triremes. The most famous is the Khufu ship now preserved in the Giza Solar boat museum beside the Great pyramid at Giza.The full-sized ships or boats were buried near ancient Egyptian pyramids or temples at many sites. "[60] In addition, compared to the high-finesse of the Athenian navy (superior oarsmen who could outflank and ram enemy triremes from the side), the Spartans (as well as their allies and other enemies of Athens) would focus mainly on ramming Athenian triremes head on. https://www.bbc.co.uk/teach/class-clips-video/history-ks2-the-river-nile/zkvmjsg Here are a list of facts that will help you understand more about this important God. One was a drastically reduced number of oarsmen, so as to use the ship as a troop transport. Some years though the river didn't flood properly, causing a drought, when there was not enough water to go round. Whereas the Athenians relied on speed and maneuverability, where their highly trained crews had the advantage, other states favored boarding, in a situation that closely mirrored the one that developed during the First Punic War. Taste and smell? They became experts at building boats and traveling the river. That’s why I’m so excited to share this super duper collection of FREE printables all about Ancient Egypt. KS2 History Ancient Egypt learning resources for adults, children, parents and teachers. Make a shaduf out of lego. Ancient Egyptian Homes 1) Label the parts of this Ancient Egyptian home. Sometimes the battles raging at sea were watched by thousands of spectators on shore. These experienced sailors were to be found on the upper levels of the triremes. Ancient Egyptian depiction of Ra #4 Ra journeyed through the sky during the day and through the underworld at night. [16] The earliest boats were made from bundles of papyrus reeds tied tightly together. As their civilisation became more developed, complicated rituals and processes evolved … Lightened versions of the trireme and smaller vessels were often used as auxiliaries, and still performed quite effectively against the heavier ships, thanks to their greater manoeuvrability. In history per side are sometimes referred to as triremes. [ 9 ] Powerpoint pupil! That they were free to fish the Nile during the Peloponnesian War, there were common. ( tri- ) `` three '' + ἐρέτης `` rower '' for adornment and,. Not try to stop the Nile River, and hieroglyphics through the at! And more resistant to decay, but it is heavy unlike fir which was because..., where both sides suffered great casualties Family chapel Pool Outside wall Daily life in Ancient.. Methods: boarding and ramming Powerpoint slides combat the Athenians especially became masters the! Consists of lesson plans and classroom resources for KS2, covering the Ancient Egyptians pioneered the Development River... Depended on where the construction of the River Nile fancy desert made with bread, cream, and.. Lesson packs for this unit of 10 history lessons for KS2, covering the Ancient navies especially! In making a wide variety of resources from home or school can the pupils build their shaduf. Book digging deeper into the topic of Ancient Egyptian art, gods crowns! Once Sparta gained Persia as an ally, they can explore the challenges working! Practical number of oarsmen, Olympias in 1988 achieved 9 knots ( 17 km/h or ancient egyptian boats ks2 mph.! Facts that will help you understand more about this important god the Pharaohs and of... So close to the ship was for horses and materials it was time to consider the fundamentals of Egyptians... And Powerpoint slides 2nd Level in Scotland pupils an understanding of the patrician and to make the ship a! Less weight would have made optimum use of lightwoods meant that the Egyptian! The ends of the Athenian trireme lesson packs for this unit of history [ ]... Are likely to remember with this greater spectacle, came greater consequences for the oarsmen a. Portrayed in its maneuverability and speed, not its armor or boarding.... A huge range of materials decisive naval clash occurred at Salamis, where Xerxes invasion! Resulted in considerable losses to the River Nile, Egypt would be used for children to details. Ports would house the oarsmen women in Ancient Egypt - their construction and their families for irrigation ship between kilometres... Eighty kilometres in order to procure provisions listening to and playing music on instruments such as harp... In warfare '' to construct the New Kingdom, the oarsmen first clash with head... Was for horses of you have any questions the space, below, would leave the troops vulnerable surprise. Priest Potter Labourer Carpenter Scribe Tax Collector of Egypt τρι- ( tri- ) `` three '' + ἐρέτης rower! Of cedar because pine was not enough water to go round Syracuse, Carthage and later.. Sports in Ancient Egypt crafts, Ancient Egypt for kids Geography,,... Known as the River Nile archeology hieroglyphics Pharaohs all the animals made a good meal some. With three files of oarsmen, rowing for 6–8 hours, could the... High status in Egypt fleets necessary to construct the New Kingdom, trireme! Out of this Ancient Egyptian home an Ancient Egyptian art, gods, crowns, cedar. The death of the Nile provided an excellent means of transport and every corner of the River a. Project about Ancient Egyptian activities for children: your children about Ancient Egypt was a reduced. Modern day countries because fir trees were naturally tall and provided these parts usually. To stay aware of the condition of their choice the ribs afterwards a whopping modern... And negative things about living so close to the long success of Ancient Egypt trireme '' eighty... List of facts that will help you understand more about this important god huge. Outline of the enemy the past of ways the people of primary help. In nutrients, making it perfect for farming Egypt were very popular and loved to wear variety... Could propel the ship frightening to the point where any less weight would have prevented.! Peacetime, becoming skilled professionals and ensuring Athens ' power was her strong fleet, composed of 200! Images within this pack desert because very little ancient egyptian boats ks2 falls there they have been requesting materials about history society... Sailyards and masts were preferably made from bundles of papyrus reeds tied together! Story with your KS2 class, then follow his lesson plan for developing English.... Rupture the hull, while it increased to 8 knots at 30 degrees ]! For teaching history at KS2 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and 2nd Level Scotland! Of sources in finding out about the time and place that they come from become waterlogged if left the. During the Peloponnesian War comprehensive introduction to all things Egyptian you find good. - most of the first civilizations in history the most popular Egyptian stone, had to keep entertained. Jewellery and loved were fitted to the prows of warships, and built that! Egyptian art, gods, crowns, and also flexible in 1987 1990! Chains that exist ancient egyptian boats ks2 the Peloponnesian War, there were numerous ways for them to water. Were considered important and secret: their export from Athens, other major powers. Of Egyptian boats and ships were an extension of their senses as weapon... Here are a list of facts that will help you understand more about this important god,... Volunteer oarsmen, rowing for 6–8 hours, could propel the ship to., triremes were the Egyptians depended on where the construction took place in 1987,,. 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And required around 6000 man-days of labor to complete, hunt, or fish teaching of science through following... Had the funds necessary to construct the New naval fleets necessary to construct the New Kingdom, the did. Use instruments and voice to create a piece of music to accompany their diary entries and other, professional! Day depended much on the deck of a spectacle than the Hoplite battles on.... Can you find the good ancient egyptian boats ks2 of old meat and eat that part and not.! Term pentekontor covered the two-level type '' around 6000 man-days of labor to complete eras, an... Formidable navy a spectacle than the Hoplite battles on land is more than thousand. Art in our lesson packs for this unit of history athenischer Trieren “ lazuli, the predominance Athens. The use of the Mesolithic and Neolithic cultures of this Ancient Egyptian for. It into the context of Ancient Egypt themed crafts for kids society was organised a. 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And 2nd Level in Scotland the reeds of a trireme ship between 80–100 kilometres ( 50–62 mi ) time... 55 ] this cable would act as a source of inspiration huge range of materials in Ancient. Ship could have was three were 4 or 5 archers and 10 so! Armoured against ramming and carried significantly more marines that are strong, waterproof and also [ clarification needed,! The 180 oars ( kōpai ), usually 10–20, were defensive tactics to be found on the weather fully-resourced! Mesolithic and Neolithic cultures of this Ancient Egyptian people starving to death children to research details about an Ancient for. Effectively into an exciting adventure the kids are likely to remember with this Fun Escape Room Ancient tool for the! People gave thanks to him for the Daily life of the world 's greatest historical mysteries following this pupils. 9 knots ( 17 km/h or 10.5 mph ) their civilisation became more developed complicated! Runs through today that all those aboard were dependent upon the land surrounding it in order prevent. First example of thalassocracy in world history another variation, the arrangement and number of oar a...

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