The selection criteria for participants included those with more than 10 years of teaching experience and the sample spanned a range of school contexts2 – state-funded, public–private partnership and private. View or download all content the institution has subscribed to. Hickey and Jin, 2010; Jin, 2013), to date none have considered the launch of a subsequent phase of curriculum reform in 2011, which requires further analysis. Chinese Curriculum . If PE does not have an examination, many students will choose to take time off in the PE class; they will stay in the classroom to self-study. It motivates all students to actively participate physical training and tests. The “China Health and Physical Education Curriculum Model” open class exhibition Six teachers presented four high school P.E. Our school is looking for an experienced PE Teacher to start from August 2018. Students attend classes five days a week and primary school education currently includes nine compulsory cour… PE teachers are not only accountable to the MoE for the implementation of the (CEPE&H) curriculum, but also to other ‘partners’, such as a headteachers, parents and students. However, all the PE teachers reported that they did not receive sufficient support to implement the (CEPE&H) curriculum. Bachelor’s degree is always earned for an undergraduate course of study that nominally requires four years of study in China, in some courses, the time of acquiring the bachelor degree may be shorten. On the contrary, reform initiatives are (re)interpreted, challenged and modified in such a way that the final form they take in a locality may be very different from that in the original setting (Burdett and O’Donnell, 2016; Herold, 2020). The course names for the primary and secondary stages were unified and became Compulsory Education Physical Education and Health Curriculum (CEPE&H) (MoE, 2011a). The history of education in China began with the birth of the Chinese civilization.Nobles often set up educational establishments for their offspring. Due to the rather large population of China, their education system is the largest one in the whole world. The pilot curriculum (MoE, 2001b) was one document, but with two separate phases – primary (grades 1–6) and secondary and high school (grades 7–12). The distinction between these types of school pertains mainly to the provision of funding. Due to the rather large population of China, their education system is the largest one in the whole world. Create a link to share a read only version of this article with your colleagues and friends. An international school with a local feel, We provide a high quality international education in the historically-rich city of Nanjing, Students inspire and flourish at our school, becoming the best versions of themselves, Our professional community of teachers and staff shape our achievements, We offer an enriched English national curriculum with a global outlook, Stay connected with us and find out what’s going on inside our school, Get in touch with our Admissions department today, Find our more about The British School of Nanjing. Therefore, the MoE introduced a school-based curriculum management system, known as ‘three-level’ curriculum management, to articulate with the newly adopted global policies promoting school decentralisation, school autonomy and student-centred teaching (MoE, 2001a; Tan and Chua, 2014). Chinese early education curriculum The government approved early education curriculum is language, math, art, music, physical education and general knowledge based (Spodek, 1988). Borrowing educational policy ideas from elsewhere is known to be problematic, and when there is a proliferation of aims, such as a drive to embrace decentralisation, increase school autonomy, adopt student-centred teaching and develop critical, innovative thinking for real-life applications, it is hardly surprising that teachers feel overwhelmed. Core principles and the objectives of the (CEPE&H) curriculum. In D. Cothran and X. Keating (Eds. Teachers were uncertain of how to enact changes and reorientate their practices so that they were in line with the expectations of developing health through PE. After the reform, PEPE has been added, and there are no semester PE tests anymore. Via these processes, some codes were grouped to reflect concepts and then finally in the selective phase, theoretical coding took place, working from focused codes to theorise data themes, which were labelled as ‘AXX + major Theme’ (for example, ‘A01 cultural factors’). Traditional Chinese culture attached great importance to education as a means of enhancing a person’s worth and career. They also determine the collective number of teaching hours for the curriculum and the specific number of hours for each subject.1 The local/provincial education departments are responsible for planning the implementation of the national curriculum within each province (or within the autonomous region or municipality directly under the central government). As an imprint of the Confucian culture, a teacher is a respected person with high social status, preserving a cultural relationship between teachers and students that is unequal in nature (Zhao, 2019). Children start schools at age six (seven in some areas). Login failed. In this study, Tan’s (2016) analysis is helpful, because ‘formalism’ reflected teachers’ concerns to address ‘health’ as a form of physical activity but not the substance of health education through dialogic learning. It encompasses moral education, Chinese language and literature, mathematics, art and music, and physical education. Our analysis revealed that for these ‘partners’ the expectations for the (CEPE&H) curriculum focused on the immediate future. May 21st, the “China Health and Physical Education Curriculum Model” opens a class exhibition for the public. No one tells us how to do it. The MoE is responsible for formulating curriculum management policy, overall curriculum standards and establishing the subjects included in the curriculum. ORCID iDAndrew Horrell https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4497-3336. The next section will discuss teachers’ experiences in PETE and their perceptions of CPD they could access during the period of reform. In 1950, Mao Zedong, the then leader of the People’s Republic of China and chairman of the communist party, decreed that school education should be ‘Health First, Academic Study Second’ (Liang and Huang, 2001: 12). This site uses cookies. Both dimensions help students to develop approaches to learning (ATL) skills across the curriculum.. MYP physical and health education courses must engage students in physical education activities for at least half of the total teaching time allocated to the subject group. The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent. Interdisciplinary teaching: integration of physical education skills and concepts with mathematical skills and concepts. In this process, some codes were grouped together into a concept, represented by ‘aXXX + concept’. In the past, PE classes only emphasised physical fitness, so I just need to let children run and play in the class. The core principles and objectives of the CEPE&H curriculum reflected the MoE’s view that health is multi-dimensional. As the researchers developed questions conducive to the aims of the study, previous research studies (Hickey and Jin, 2010; Jin, 2013; Ward, 2009) helped to inform the design and format of the interview schedule. The physical education curriculum is designed to allow students to experience at least a minimum exposure to the following categories of activities: aquatics, conditioning activities, gymnastics, individual/dual sports, team sports, rhythms, and dance. classes and two junior high school P.E. Physical education may focus on curriculum pertaining to the body. I have read and accept the terms and conditions, View permissions information for this article. Consequently, PE teachers are expected to implement reform, but at the same time, they are also expected to ‘teach to the examination’. connected to more general Chinese ideas about education, and the conceptions of human mind and body. The PEPE comprises three items, reflecting the value of an individual’s endurance and explosive power, with scope for choice in one additional item. Despite the differences between the two schools – one of which could be called an elite school and the other an average Chinese school – these principles behind Physical Education … Children start schools at age six (seven in some areas). There is a clear expectation and responsibility of PE teachers to help students develop a healthy lifestyle by teaching sports knowledge, techniques and promoting students’ physical skills. Compulsory Education, China.....28 Table 8: Students’ Performance in Classroom ... Education Curriculum Scheme, involving more than 16,000 students, over 2,000teachers and principals in 9 provinces, as well as leading officers in the Education, Science-Health Committee of the National Political Consultation Council. Students learn how to plan, perform and evaluate actions, ideas, and to … The duration of classes in grades 1–6 is normally 40 minutes, and the length of classes in grades 7–9 is normally 45–50 minutes. Prior to the release of this document, the priorities of PE were closely aligned with those of the former Soviet Union. Therefore, to address the growing concerns about student health, all ages and stages of education in China would need to reflect this aspiration. ‘Absolutism’ was detected in teachers’ accounts of their practice; they felt compelled to adopt the new approaches advocated in the curriculum. Sport University general sampling framework provides a representation in geography, economic,! 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