As a result of the explosion of the container, a concrete slab weighing 160 tons was torn off. The Mayak plant is still, shockingly, in operation. The material covered an area of 20,000 square kilometres, according to Friends of the Earth International. Prospecting work was carried out on a vast territory in the eastern foothills of the Urals, near the chain of lakes Uvildy in the south and Itkul in the north. In 1957, the Mayak plant was the site of a major disaster, one of many other such accidents, releasing more radioactive contamination than Chernobyl. «О статусе и границах Озёрского городского округа», в ред. Immediately after the explosion at the facilities of the chemical plant, dosimetrists noted a sharp increase in the background radiation. Rather, it was on the “back end” of the nuclear fuel cycle, which most people don’t know even really exists, much less has its own potential for accidents and problems. 11". Following the success of Chernobyl, it’s clear people want to learn more about man-made disasters which raise weighty questions about ethics and human nature. Kyshtym Nuclear Disaster – 1957 Leave a Comment / Industrial / By devastating Nuclear fission was a sensitive subject in the Soviet Union during the Cold War years – to the point where Russia’s Mayak nuclear fuel reprocessing plant and the closed town of Ozyorsk that was built around it in the Ural Mountains didn’t even feature on maps. There is strong evidence coming forward that Fukushima's nuclear reactor safety protocols were criminally ignored for years! She then trained as a journalist through News Associates in Manchester. Slavsky , it was noted that the reason for the explosion was insufficient cooling of the container, which led to an increase in the temperature in it and to the creation of conditions for the explosion of salts. The only two catastrophes which have been given a more severe measurement have been the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster and the Chernobyl disaster, both of which received a Level 7 on the INES. There are sixteen secondary schools, two schools specializing in the English language, one gymnasium, physics-mathematics lyceum, three professional colleges, Southern-Ural Polytechnical College, Music College, Ozyorsk Engineering Institute (an affiliate of National Research Nuclear University MEPhI), and affiliates of Yekaterinburg's and Chelyabinsk's universities. Therefore, a number of new streets had to be laid. The Kyshtym disaster is the third worst nuclear disaster in history, reaching Level 6 on the International Nuclear Event Scale (INES) after Chernobyl in Soviet Ukraine and Fukushima in Japan (both at Level 7). On January 4, 1994, by order of the Government of the Russian Federation, the official geographical name of the settlement in the closed administrative-territorial entity ( ZATO ) was established - the city of Ozersk. Unlike Chernobyl, it has received very little attention. Over 10,000 people in the worst affected areas of the EURT were evacuated, and residual Sr-90 activity is still significant in some areas today. The explosion completely destroyed a stainless steel container located in a concrete canyon 8.2 meters deep. Codenamed City 40, Ozersk was the birthplace of the Soviet nuclear weapons program after the Second World War. [3], Ozyorsk was and remains a closed town because of its proximity to the Mayak plant, one of the sources of Soviet plutonium during the Cold War, and now a Russian facility for processing nuclear waste and recycling nuclear material from decommissioned nuclear weapons. This area was inhabited by about 270 thousand people. Khlopin , whose goal was to create and master a comprehensive program of work on uranium. This oversight would ultimately prove fatal. In 1948-1950 a park of culture and rest was built up. 26 "On the organization of construction district No. In March 1942, at the direction of J.V. In the first hours after the explosion, radioactive substances were brought into the city on the wheels of cars and buses, on the clothes and shoes of industrial workers. There are seventeen different cultural and public-service institutions. The center was named “Laboratory No. Photo credit: sobify.com. Episode 183: The Ibrox Disasters, Part One - 1902. National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Постановление №161 от 25 мая 2006 г. The Kyshtym disaster was a disastrous explosion of buried nuclear waste from a plutonium-processing plant near Kyshtym, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia (then in U.S.S.R.), on September 29, 1957. Plot. It was decades before the events at Chernobyl, during a time of shifting geopolitical tensions in the ongoing Cold War. The Kyshtym Disaster of 1957: The largest nuclear disaster we’ve never heard of Jan 17, 2018 Martin Chalakoski The nuclear-arms race of the Cold War era, particularly when “fought” between the two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, nearly brought humanity to … If you have a story you want to tell send it to UNILAD via [email protected], @media (max-width:767px){.css-4n1las{display:none;}}Most Read Stories@media (min-width:768px){.css-1s8mc50{display:none;}}Most Read. After the accident, 248 villages were resettled from the Techa River area. It is also a reminder that the “nuclear world” is much larger than what most people think it is. [18], Reports indicated that humans living in the affected area during the time that the disaster took place and their offspring have developed problems with reproductive functions, mortality, age structure, and gender deformities. In total, there were 14 containers ("cans") in the canyon. An Experimental Station was created in the Urals, which played a leading role in studying the consequences of the accident and developing the necessary recommendations. This requirement extended to everyone, regardless of rank and official position. At that time, there was not a single road in the entire district, not to mention the railroad (the nearest railway ran at a distance of about 5 km by the Yekaterinburg - Kyshtym - Chelyabinsk route , built back in 1895). Namely only in 1976 Zhores Medvedev, a dissident scientist, published his suspicions on what happened in so called “the Kyshtym disaster”. It measured as a Level 6 disaster on the International Nuclear Event Scale, making it the second most serious nuclear accident ever recorded (after the Chernobyl disaster). Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with six rural localities, incorporated as the Town of Ozyorsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. Officially the city in 1948-1966 was called Chelyabinsk-40 ("Sorokovka"), and in 1966-1994 - Chelyabinsk-65. Ozyorsk or Ozersk (Russian: Озёрск) is a closed city in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia. The Kyshtym region, where the story took place, is the site of the third-worst nuclear disaster in human history, so the unusual shape of the skull can be explained by mutation. Appointed its chairman and Igor Vasilyevich Kurchatov the scientific director concrete roads time of shifting geopolitical tensions the! Pobeda Avenue ) was built in record time, vehicles, concrete and railways were contaminated engaged reprocessing... 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